AskDefine | Define gromyko

Dictionary Definition

Gromyko n : Soviet ambassador to the United States and to the United Nations (1909-1989) [syn: Andrei Gromyko, Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko]

Extensive Definition

Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (; ; – July 2, 1989) was a Soviet politician and diplomat. He served as Minister for Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Union (1957-1985) and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1985-1988).

Biography

Andrei Gromyko was born into a peasant family in the Belarusian village of Starye Gromyki, near Gomel. He studied agriculture at the Minsk School of Agricultural Technology and graduated in 1936. Later he worked as an economist at the Institute of Economics in Moscow.
Gromyko entered the department of the foreign affairs in 1939 after Joseph Stalin's purges in the section responsible for the Americas. He was soon sent to the United States and worked in the Soviet embassy there until 1943, when he was appointed the Soviet ambassador to the United States. He played an important role in coordinating the wartime alliance between the two nations and was prominent at events such as the Yalta Conference. He became known as an expert negotiator. In the West, Mr. Gromyko received a nickname "Mr. Nyet" (Mr. No) or "Comrade Nyet" or "Grim Grom" for his obstinate negotiating style. He was removed from his Washington post on April 10, 1946 in order to be able to devote his full attention to UN matters. In 1946 he became the Soviet Union's representative on the United Nations Security Council. He served briefly as the ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1952-1953 and then returned to the Soviet Union, where he served as foreign minister for 28 years. As Soviet foreign minister, Gromyko played a direct role in the Cuban Missile Crisis and met with U.S. President Kennedy during the crisis. Gromyko also helped negotiate arms limitations treaties, specifically the ABM Treaty, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, SALT I and II, and the INF and START agreements. During the Brezhnev years, he helped construct the policy of détente between the superpowers and was active in drawing up the non-aggression pact with West Germany.
Gromyko always believed in the superpower status of the Soviet Union and always promoted an idea that no important international agreement could be reached without its involvement.
Gromyko was minister of foreign affairs from 1957 until 1985, when he was replaced as foreign minister by Eduard Shevardnadze. Gromyko entered the Politburo in 1973, eventually becoming chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (i.e. head of state of the Soviet Union) in 1985. However, the position was largely ceremonial, and he was forced out three years later because of his conservative views during the Gorbachev era. Gromyko died in Moscow a year later.
He had a wife named Ludmila (died 2004) and a son named Anatoli (born 1932).
gromyko in Arabic: أندريه جروميكو
gromyko in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Андрэй Грамыка
gromyko in Czech: Andrej Andrejevič Gromyko
gromyko in Danish: Andrei Gromyko
gromyko in German: Andrei Andrejewitsch Gromyko
gromyko in Estonian: Andrei Gromõko
gromyko in Spanish: Andrei Gromiko
gromyko in Persian: آندری گرومیکو
gromyko in French: Andreï Andreïevitch Gromyko
gromyko in Korean: 안드레이 그로미코
gromyko in Italian: Andrej Andreevič Gromyko
gromyko in Hebrew: אנדריי גרומיקו
gromyko in Dutch: Andrej Gromyko
gromyko in Japanese: アンドレイ・グロムイコ
gromyko in Norwegian: Andrej Gromyko
gromyko in Polish: Andriej Gromyko
gromyko in Portuguese: Andrei Gromiko
gromyko in Russian: Громыко, Андрей Андреевич
gromyko in Finnish: Andrei Gromyko
gromyko in Swedish: Andrej Gromyko
gromyko in Turkish: Andrey Gromiko
gromyko in Ukrainian: Громико Андрій Андрійович
gromyko in Chinese: 安德烈·安德烈耶维奇·葛罗米柯
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